NCERT books efficiently for the IAS exam

How do I read NCERT books efficiently for the IAS exam with other UPSC Books?

To prepare to read the UPSC exam, Ncert must do it. But yes, at first, one can think that it takes too long to be completed.

I think it is important to make a plan to read and complete all NCERTs. You must be accurate when you read. Photos of unwanted exercise that you can avoid. The difficult part is a word that means no, so you can keep the dictionary on the phone. So, at the time of reading, you can write the meaning of the word.

NBCERT Books Notes

I think taking notes is important. Or write it down in a book or you can write in the margin. But I strongly recommend you write in a book for each subject. When you write notes, you can add more information about the subject of the Internet. When all your notes are ready, it will be easy to examine them. So you can minimize the time later.

To refer to other books are compiled using NCERT Books. Notes of any kind are made with the help of NCERT. And sometimes, if you do not understand, read it again. Each assessment will give you more understanding.

If NCERT completes it, it can achieve most of the program elements. As you read, you should see what role your curriculum includes.

To the extent that time depends solely on his time of reading and understanding. But that will surely decrease with more evaluation.

It worked for me, and now, after taking notes, it is very quick to consider.

Selecting The Best Books For IAS

When You Start the preparation of the UPSC Exam, You must always keep in mind that the Books for the UPSC exam which you are selecting must be the Best Books for the IAS exam and That should be updated and revised for the whole years.

All the candidates who are interested in clearing the IAS exam must know the complete IAS Books BPackage.

Pre-reading work: –

With a timer, note how long it takes to read 5 pages of any NCERT book. Find the average time and keep a note.
Now when you start reading a new NCERT class, simply write down the number of pages and multiply your average time and get an idea of the time to complete NCERT.
For example: SAY, my average time is 2-3 minutes for a page, so if I read a 100 page book, then I should spend about 200-300 minutes. So I know the time limit and work to complete my task within the deadlines.


Digital India is one of the most exciting initiatives taken up in recent times. It has the potential to usher in a truly participatory democracy by pro­viding access to information for all and ensuring accountability and transparency in governance. Financial inclusion, health care, education, skill training and em­ployment will all be greatly facilitated. Not all of this is new. In fact, substantial parts of Digital India were initi­ated in the past years. However, they did not get the at­tention and thrust that they deserved. One example is the very ambitious project of providing broadband connec­tivity to 250,000 village panchayats. Initiated many years ago as the National Optical Fibre Network, its progress has been dismal in relation to the planned (undoubtedly optimistic) timelines. While some of the delays may have been unavoidable, the biggest problem was managerial, worsened by poor technical design. Today, I-ways are the new highways, capable of carrying information, and much more, to every home. The broadband network is, therefore, the key infrastructure underpinning the dream of Digital India, and one hopes that the proposals of the committee that reworked the original plan are not only accepted, but executed with energy.

E-governance is another vital component. Aimed at “providing government services at your doorstep” thro­ugh digital means, this effort has sort of ambled along over the last decade. Lack of enthusiasm within some government departments and inadequate coordination among them slowed the pace, while poor connectivity and dependence on computers further stymied its pro­gress. Yet, this is one area in which there can be immedi­ate and visible benefits to the common man. The new incarnation has to now transform—in today’s scenario— in “providing services at your finger tips” (on a mobile handset) and must be executed with a sense of urgency.

Broadband connectivity can enable the delivery of education and health services to all—even in remote areas— at high quality and affordable prices.

But this requires content that is in local languages and of local relevance.

Similarly, agriculture can greatly ben­efit from first-rate and online extension services, weather information, advice, and crop and input prices. This will also correct the unequal relationship between small farmers and the mid­dle-men who buy their produce.

Livelihood and skill training, in con­junction with entrepreneurship and digital marketing, can transform the rural economy through rural produc­tion for all-India (even global) markets, while creating rural employment.

Dreams of rural IT outsourcing centres


may well become a reality.

What is now different is the synergy that is possible through various initiatives. The JAM triad is one exam­ple: a combination of financial inclusion (through the Jan Dhan Yojana), Aadhaar and the mobile opens up vast possibilities for a host of applications ranging from direct benefit transfer (payment of subsidies or pensions/schol- arships directly into the beneficiaries’ bank accounts) to money transfer. Similarly, there is a synergy between the proposed broadband network and the skills mission, with the former being the means for taking skills training to millions. With the scale of the Digital India effort, there is obviously going to be a huge market for digital hardware, and this goes with the Make in India mission.

All these possibilities will, however, remain mere pos­sibilities if critical steps are not taken. The first and fore­most is a mechanism to get the various arms of government to work in unison and with a sense of urgency. Realistically, this cannot happen unless there is a strong leadership and the ability to enforce decisions. In the Indian context, this means the involvement of the prime minister. A mis­sion council, chaired by the PM, which meets once a quar­ter is essential. In the past, such a body was ineffective, but with a PM who is very committed to driving this for­ward, one can hope that it can provide the leadership and push that is essential. Similarly, there is a need for a body to involve and coordinate with the states. This could well be chaired by the communications and IT minister, on the model of the Central Advisory Board of Education.

Indian industry has great capability in this field. A contractor relationship between it and the government will not be able to fully tap into the rich talent and man­agerial capacity of the private sector. Since public-private partnership is no longer a fashionable model, new terms of engagement will have to be crafted. As part of tapping into talent, it is essential to bring in some outside talent (professionals). There are generally serious integration issues with this and such people are effective only when they are independent, eminent in their field and, most importantly, per­ceived to have backing from the top. Aadhaar is a good example of utilising outside talent and integrating it within the government to deliver successfully.

One hopes that the potential of Digital India is not lost due to poor planning and feeble execution. The possible benefits demand that the government looks at new and innovative mechanisms to achieve the very ambitious targets.

Kiran Kamik is chairman, CI1 National Committee for Digital India Mission, and former president, NASSCOM

The possible benefits of Digital India demand that the government looks at innovative mechanisms to achieve the targets.


This refers to the S editorial Powerful caste Panchayat.. .(Khap) (August II, 2009). “Who rules Haryana?: The law or the Khaps?” The answer is resounding: “the khaps”. From meddling into marital affairs to ostracising a family and lynching a young man for violating khap norms of marriage, the institution of khap panchayat in Haryana has traversed its hideous journey from the grotesque to the macabre. The khap panchayat has become a law unto itself. It has evolved a parallel judicial system. Kangaroo courts are held and fatwas issued.

The khap is a medieval institution when Jats were tribals divided into clans. It acted as an instrument of security in an age marked by lawlessness. In modern times, it has outlived its utility when various institutions to maintain law and order are in operation.

Secondly, the khap panchayat has no elective principle. Its so-called mukhias are self-appointed guardians of social mores. It has emasculated the electorally-constituted pancha- yats which give due representation to women and weaker sections.

Thirdly, it has no idea of symbiotic relationship between tradition and modernity. Fourthly, the observance of khap norms has become impractical with the changing complexion of rural society.

Rapid advance made by Haryana in the material fields is regressive in the face of growing moral decay and spiritual atrophy in the state, with a sizeable section of its population fast
lapsing into the dark zone of barbarity and depravity. It is like getting all the riches on the earth after selling one’s soul to the Lucifer.

– J. S. Acharya, Hyderabad.


I do not find a more suitable word than , Splendid to appreciate the article, Stay Together but Stand Apart by Suman Bajpai in WE August II issue.

Certainly a good space is required around any individual for him to enlighten his vision, to nurture his interests, and to develop his ideas, in short, to fortify his self. All the benefits of this go obviously to the spouse.

Who else will feel proud of the achievements other than one’s life partner? I have in my life actually felt the same, thanks to my husband who gave me absolute freedom to have some time for myself, choose my interests and develop the same.

Occupying the 24 hours of the spouse           can only         end in

misunderstanding. Instead of feeling good the other person will find himself as chained to someone. Each individual travels in a different path of life.

It is so narrow a path that two people cannot use at the same time. But the two paths can go parallel throughout. The space between the two paths bind them ideally together. And that is a beautiful frame of life as well as marriage.

– N. Muthu Lekshmi, Nagercoil.


In the Woman’s Era i of August I, 2009 I liked, read, and also enjoyed the article Love and respect yourself. This article made me relieve my career-life moment of my younger days.

The article by Leena Kundnani is


a very good one. Every worn– – India should read it and inct := – self-love in their female chi;c childhood.

Young women should nurture ~ love, self-respect and pride Y:_rc women should be made to eat—: only job satisfaction from we o: ne jobs and revel in their achieve-e-:: but also expect rewards for the r -ant work.

– Meera B. Rao.


**o*S«-s intimate


The artic e Healthy -Relattos Key to Happine;. Suman Bajpa August I 2009, is thou: provoking, informative and ec->:ir for married people, a most intirae a all human relationship in wh rr share life intellectually, socia a physically.

In my opinion a mutual standing, love, sharing and ca” trust and faith in each other and builds up a happy relat and that is the key to a su~ marriage.

– Anthony Sanders, A’_

The prize is awarded to: J. S. Acharya, Hyderabad

ON IN THE US AN INDIAN STORY Even in tough times life goes on. By A. K. Shyamala Shenoy

It was the time just before the US recession and the economy seemed to be booming. Many of my husband’s friends had started their own start-up operations and were doing very well. Our Saturday-night get-together discussions were centred on success stories starting from Sabir Bhatia’s Hotmail. We had enough savings and my husband decided to start a new software firm. We also decided to shift to a more spacious villa in the suburbs from the apartment we had in the city. From
the contacts he developed in his earlier employment, my husband got a few contracts and we seemed to be on the right track.

Then the downturn happened. First the real-estate prices nosedived. The property we purchased was worth only half the value we paid for it just six months earlier. We had taken a loan to purchase the property and we had to pay the installments at the original value of the property.
Our software firm was based in India and we had remitted most of the revenues to India. The dollar rate was hovering at Rs 38 and most of




the conversion took place at th a” We watched helplessly as recession deepened and sp-aa: Asian countries and the dol a- steadily climbed and even Rs 50.

Emotionally, we were ill-ec_ : to take on the vagaries o‘ business after being use: cushioned, well-paying jobs »- risk-taking is minimal. We middle-aged when our childre- born and it was difficult get: rc to looking after two kids in s. short span of time. Did we nee: more misfortune? My hus: = grandfather who was the pil =’ : strength passed away in Inc a a grand old age of 95.

How are we coping? Life is a teacher. Our dreams are sha- but we have learnt to take r -: our stride. We have enough -: by, a supporting family in \-z a friends here in the US who a i by us through thick at Recently, I was invited to ao: a: prestigious international con.a- on humanity in Europe. My and I are looking forward :: have decided to take a smal while attending the conve” :_ they say, life goes on


How is it that tea is healthy for the Chinese and they can drink enormous quantities while when we drink a lot of tea, we get acidity and heartburn?

It is true that tea is rich in anti­oxidants, helps fight cardiovascular diseases, reduces bad cholesterol, and keeps us young.

Overall, tea is good for our health, but the way we drink it in India – i.e. when it is processed too much, or has milk added to it – it loses its benefits. So, to get the best from tea, we should drink it the way the Chinese do.

What is vegetable stock and how can we make it at home?

In one litre of water, add a small quantity of all the vegetables avail­able at home together with an onion, 3-4 cloves of garlic, a small piece of ginger, a bay leaf and a few pepper­corns. Allow to boil in a heavy- bottomed pan till the water reduces to half the quantity. Cool and strain through a muslin cloth or a very fine sieve. This vegetable stock can be used in various gravies.

It is a most common question from all the health-conscious people these days: which is the healthiest fat?

The most important thing to remember is that we need a variety

of oils in our diet. Therefore, we must consider a rotation of oil types. This is because each oil/fat has some unique essential fatty acids. When we include a variety of oils in our diet we have a better chance of incorpor­ating the health benefits of a range of fatty acids.

We have heard that soya bean is very good for us. Kindly let us know the advantages and disadvantages if taken in excess.

It is true that soya is a very good source of proteins for us, especially for vegetarians. It is good for the heart and also brings relief to post­menopausal women.

But people will have a problem if they have soya in excess. Too much can cause hormonal imbalance which can even result in reduced hair growth. It can also lead to digestion problems. Soya beans have a high level of phytic acid more than any other legume.

Phytic acid may block the absorption of certain minerals, including magnesium, calcium, iron and zinc. So anything taken in moderation, however beneficial, is good and even a little in excess can cause problems for us.

What do the following terms related to ‘chocolates’ mean? Conching, chocolate liquor, cacao, cocoa butter and confectionery coating.

Conching means rolling or stirring chocolate to smooth out the particles during manufacture. Chocolate liquor is the thick, non-alcoholic liquid made

from grinding the nibs inside cacao beans.

Cacao is the tropical tree a*: bean it produces. Cocoa burre- = fat extracted when cacao bee: processed into chocolate tionery coating is made • vegetable fat, sugar, milk so c: flavourings. It’s used as a substitute, but isn’t chocolate

Chocolate burns easily, so wh® be the best procedure to me* t* Yes, chocolate burns eas must be melted with care chocolate is melted in a douc a over hot or barely simmering Nowadays, it can also be me ‘a: microwave.

Do let us know a few dos and 3 while baking a cake.

The cake batter shoulc r ‘sheet consistency’ – i.e. on into the cake tin a ribbon shea’ should form. Do not fill the ca more than half, as space is re for the cake to rise.

Do not open the door of tre in between as the tempera:. • fall and this will prevent the ca- a rising properly.

Do preheat the oven •: minutes before putting in the ca* –

Do not open the oven im as the cake will sink due : sudden change in temperature the draft of air enters.

Do not try to remove the when hot, otherwise the ca*e break.

– Savita Bha


Marrying for a (different) Cause!

Marry in a Puducherry, honeymoon for the rest of your life in Paris! But first, dish out. In this exotic former French colony, young men are making a beeline for French belles with starry eyes, pounding hearts – and bulging wallets. But marital bliss doesn’t come cheap. The brides, Indian- origin French citizens, demand and get dowries between Rs 2 lakh and Rs 50 lakh. This has been the trend in Puducherry for the last few decades. Families here want French daughters-in- law so that their sons can get French nationality and become rich. Newly-married men could earn a fortune in France and enjoy a slew of welfare measures extended by the Government there.

Kabootar-baazi has been the time-tested way of getting to Canada. Now , some hopefuls have discovered a cheaper, less risky option. Not Malta or Turkey, this route goes via the altar. A phony marriage to a Canadian has become the easiest way of acquiring a resident visa. In this rent-a-marriage route to immigration, the finery, garlands, guests and even the spouse are all conveniently arranged by an unscrupulous consultant who is hand in glove with a local temple.

And is your lovely daughter getting married soon? Forget about gifting a car or diamond jewellery. That’s passe. More and more parents are getting marriage websites designed for their children. What can be more unique than that? A website that’ll capture all the Kodak moments of th£ wedding. This concept has been quite popular in the West for the last 10 years and is catching on in India too. Says Pradip Thyagarajan, director,, “People want to share the beauty of their relationships with others, particularly with those far away.” started designing such websites four years ago and gets nearly 10 customers every month as against a few earlier.

All you have to do is approach a Web designer and give him details of the marriage – venue, timing, route and, at times, personal details such as where the couple works and how they met.

Designed usually weeks

and relatives informer the website, either by the parents or the designers thema Designers charge betwee- 10,000 and Rs 30,000 depe”: ‘ the memory load. The V*-. remains functional fc_ months and can be reir after a payment of Rs – X made.

Such websites mitiga s
workload of the hosts

from being a mec ._ flaunt, it makes simpler. You dc~: instance, have to a* calls from guests for routes, etc interesting comp: • a – the website is toe list which pm details of gt~a couple would •: have. Guests choose one of the and buy it online moment they bu.. : gift gets deleted ~ site so that the buyer doesn’t choree • same gift.
The length of a lehanga and a blouse is getting shorter and the silhouettes are getting fitter.

  • Apart from shades of red, magenta and pink, we’ll get to see a lot of out-of-the ordinary colours, like sea-green, turquoise-blue, lavender, mauve, strawberry, burgundy, gold, fuchsia, rust, copper and so on.
  • Heavily beaded bags, shoes with similar embroidery as your dress, and even waist belts are in great demand.

The mantra is, if you have the figure, flaunt it!

Rudolf Valentino – Jean Acker 6 hour:
Robin Givens – Syetozar Marinkovic 24 ho_’:-
Britney Spears – Jason Alexander 48 hoL—
Dennis Hopper – Michelle Phillips 8 da. a
Cher – Gregg Allman 9 da..:
Carmen Electra – Dennis Rodman 10 da., a
Robert Evans – Catherine Oxenberg 12 da. s
Drew Barrymore – Jeremy Thomas 29 da • 5
Ernest Borgnine – Ethel Merman 32 days
Jim Carrey – Lauren Holly 11 mor:-;
Sly Stallone – Brigitte Nelson 18 mor:-a
Julia Roberts – Lyle Lovett 2 yea-
Richard Gere – Cindy Crawford 3 yea-s
Madonna – Sean Penn 4 yea—
Kim Bassinger – Alec Baldwin 7 yea-s
Meg Ryan – Dennis Quid 9 yea-
Tom Cruise – Nicole Kidman 10 yea*s
Bruce Willis – Demi Moore 11 yea-


Meher Sarid, another wedding planner says, “A wedding in a banquet hall is common. But with the middle-class getting richer, splurging on not-so-ordinary venues is getting popular.” She adds, “There was an NRI couple who wanted a traditional and yet unusual wedding. So we arranged it in the dunes of Rajasthan.” There was also a wedding on an island off Gujarat, with the venue being a jungle with lots of clearing for food and the mandap, she adds.

Jayraj Gupta of remembers a spa wedding he had organised in the Himalayan foothills. “People have started loving the whole drama behind wedding ceremonies The event has become larger than life,” he says. Marriages at these venues also have themes to match the decor. For a beach-front marriage, expect a swimsuit to be the dress code. A marriage in an abandoned church will have long white drapes, for instance. So, be it a wedding on a barge by the seaside or in a cricket stadium, the wilder the idea, the more memories it’s bound to leave.

With the mushrooming of skilled wedding planners all across the country, the common man is seeing a makeover of the traditional pocket- friendly marriages. Tying the knot is no longer about how many tents you
prop up or the pretty lilies a: -■* entrance. The holy matrimony ce* :* in a Roman ambience, a far.-3* castle, a tapovan or at the art • : a > created Niagara Falls with re a ax dress, headgear and food to rra : –

Generating awe amongst invitees, what with fancy deco a-1 fancier food, is making “a t extravagant and cosmopc *ar marriages a rage in cities >*« Ludhiana, Indore, Surat, Ka-: ■ Ahmedabad and Bhavnagar. – e the luxury wedding has bee- a metropolitan phenomenon for a : z time now, the smaller towns of -zm are now also witnessing extra, a:ax weddings. In one of the wedd ‘:: r Surat, I had the bride landing :* re venue by a crane,” says wee: c planner Vikas Guggutia. He o~e- b variety of themes ranging from rw low-budget floral decors to ha = * and palaces draped in ethnic ;ar * zm like zardosi and brocade fc- r* flexible budget.

Marriage bureaus and We:: tse are mushrooming, the _ i successful ones diversifyr:      r

event management. Surpr s – j* there’s a marriage burea. v Bangalore that matches waveie- rather than horoscopes! That s »’-«* is done at Marigold, locate; ar Kammanadhalli. It caters : * growing number of Banglorear: :w to inter-caste and inter-re ; m unions!

However, one really doesr: • -sac to be a king to organise a : * t wedding these days with c:: c technicians, lighting expen: sm

designers, fusion cuisine, er^ -ra­iment managers and on cn : J graphers available right o’ yc r doorstep. A capable p a-nsd promises a wonder wedding e.e- a a nondescript place. The options in small cities are fa’ : than those available in De * Mumbai.

Dancing at marriages, wh just for fun till now, is gettr: professional. Dance schoo s dancing their way to the ba-». relatives, friends even brice: grooms are approaching t~rlessons. The rate is Rs 20.: ::




While the entire extravaganza gets bigger and brighter for those with huge budgets the middle class still has the option to be subtle yet stylish. There’s no limit to a wedding expenditure, so what planners do is emphasise glamour only on the focal areas of a marriage. Compromising on a thing or two doesn’t matter to most small-towners who desire an exceptional ceremony for limited funds.

Marriage still holds pride of place in the Indian ethos, the more traditional and lavish, the better. Unsurprisingly, expenses incurred on weddings have been increasing steadily over the years, despite calls for restraint from some quarters. Right from the invitation cards to grooming the bride and the bridegroom expenses are out of this world.

The envelopes are, after all, the first things that the guests get to see and then gauge your socio-economic status. Designer invitation cards with a 24-carat gold embossed border or a Tanjore painting or even something as ornamental as a papier mache jewellery box studded with precious stones are the hot favourites, they’re meant to be cherished and preserved for posterity, for such invitations never see the light of the garbage can. One thing that remains unchanged, however, is the stoic Lord Ganesha on the cover of the card, though with some modifications.

In pandal decor, marigold time a la
traversed widely over the years to become an upwardly mobile phenomenon, in the sense that, from the hands it has gone up to the arms, the waist and also the naval and onto the back in the form of tattoos. From the feet it goes up to the ankles and the legs and maybe higher up which is best left to the imagination. Motifs with fish and other Fengshui symbols rule the roost. Exorbitant cost, of course, doesn’t matter. It’s the coordinated look that counts.

For the bride, it’s a torrid ritual of the pre-bridal package with 12 sittings that start 2 months before the big day, which culminate in the just- before-the-wedding make-up routine and the wedding day make-up and draping of the sari. The parlours are raking in lollies with this new way of making the bride look her best. For that enhanced glow and radiance, popular spa and yoga centres have introduced special wedding packages for the bride as well as the groom.

When it comes to dressing up for the D-Day, Indians like to follow tradition. But, over the years, one has seen the emergence of wedding outfits that mix modernity and tradition just in the right proportion. A traditional bride is slowly making way for a more modern bride in a number of ways. Here’s now:

  • Corsets are being liberally used


instead of blouses these days Ire are giving preference to. ha te- spaghetti blouses and e\e* t backless choli.

• Brides are no longer we= re dupattas in a traditional way. s: lift much more of crepe and georgette chiffons so that carrying them around becomes easier.